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The History of Gambling in Canada

The year 1767 was revolutionary for gambling in the country because that is when the first-ever legal event took place.



The History of Gambling in Canada

The origin of gambling is a fascinating tale that started in ancient China. However, as it is known today, gambling isn’t restricted to one country or continent. Instead, it is enjoyed by people in almost every country around the globe. 

As a result, each country has a unique story of how gambling reached its people and how the industry has either been stifled or allowed to grow. Canada is no exception and has a rich gambling history that started almost before history itself began being officially recorded.  

First Instances of Gambling in Canada

There is very little information regarding the exact form gambling took early on in Canada’s history. What is known is that in the 1380s, gambling in all forms was banned by the monarch at the time, Richard III. 

The king put this prohibition in place because he was worried that his soldiers, mainly his archers, were spending more time gambling with dice than protecting his kingdom. However, the rule was overturned at some point during the 1400s, as there are signs that gambling was enjoyed in the territory. 

This lasted until 1497, when the region was visited by John Cabot and was claimed by the English nation. With British rule in effect, all gambling was again banned in the country. Thankfully, while the UK technically claimed the land, this wasn’t enforced, and the French took control in 1534 while claiming the name Canada. 

Little is known about gambling in the country during this period except that it moved underground and generated an extensive black market—that is, until around 1767. 

The Start of Official Gambling

The year 1767 was revolutionary for gambling in the country because that is when the first-ever legal event took place. A horse race on July 1 brought many people to Quebec City to watch and wager on the outcome. 

There is no record of whether other gambling activities were also legalized after this race or even if more racing events were held that allowed legal gambling. However, it is thought that the underground gambling market continued to thrive after this until a new law was introduced. 

Canada Criminal Act

In 1892, lawmakers passed the Canadian Criminal Code. Covering a variety of different topics relating to crime in the country, the law also made provisions for the complete prohibition of all forms of gambling. 

Justification for the code included citing religious and moral reasons. However, while the government was adamant that it was what people wanted and expected from a moral standpoint, the continued ban spurred even more illicit gambling. 

Because of the growing number of illegal gambling dens and back-alley wagers, things quickly began to change, and slowly but surely, more and more forms of gambling began to be legalized, starting just eight years after the law was passed. 

Increase of Gambling During the 1900s

In 1900, the government discovered the massive economic difference that legalizing gambling could make. Therefore, it decided to permit gambling in the form of bingo and organized raffles. However, to stick to their moral reasoning, these acts were only allowed if they were offered on behalf of a charity. 

The massive popularity of gambling quickly spread, and by 1925, new laws were again passed. This time, it was to allow exhibitions and local fairs to allow gambling events. These needed to be hosted by the event organizers and were classified as entertainment.

Not much changed until 1969, when the state realized the worth of lotteries and decided to allow legal lottery games. Shortly after, provinces in the country soon started organizing lotteries to help fund projects for the betterment of their regions. 

The Legalisation of Gambling

A milestone in Canada’s gambling history was reached just one year after lotteries were made legal. In 1970, the government decided to allow individual provinces to allow or disallow all forms of gambling in their regions. 

While this didn’t negate the law prohibiting gambling throughout the country, it allowed different regions to make it legal within their jurisdiction. The condition attached to this was that each province had to regulate all gambling activities that fell inside its borders. 

The landmark change this brought about launched the gambling industry in the country. However, things didn’t change until 15 years later, in 1985. After multiple revisions and consultations, the government lifted all gambling and sports betting prohibitions. The only exception to this was single-game betting. 

Legalization throughout the country meant that casinos could now legally operate without any barriers. A few years later, in 1989, the first-ever brick-and-mortar casino was opened. 

Owned and operated by the government, Crystal Casino, located in Winnipeg, became the place to gamble. Sadly, it was short-lived and, by 1997, had closed down. Thankfully, multiple other casinos continued to supply gambling opportunities to players. 

Online Casinos in Canada

By 1994, although there were many new Canadian casinos for players to enjoy, the market underwent yet another massive overhaul. The change was, this time, thanks to the gradual launch and availability of online casinos—a relatively new but increasingly popular way to gamble. 

Amazingly, however, while online casinos grew steadily, they fell outside of the law that provided for gambling in the territory. As such, online casinos hosted and operated in Canada were still illegal. Therefore, players could only use casinos that operated outside the country’s borders. 

For several years, no changes were made to the laws, so Canadian players took advantage of the loophole that allowed play on internationally hosted online casinos. However, in 2021, things began changing when new regulations allowed for single-game sports betting. This action, which wasn’t allowed under the 1985 changes, focused attention on all the other laws as well.

The same year saw another landmark change when Ontario officials decided to allow gambling and sports betting advertising across all platforms. From radio to billboards, casinos are now—for the first time ever—legally allowed to advertise their services. Despite being banned in other provinces, many sites use a grey area in the law for advertising services. 

They achieve this by using .net TLDs (top-level domains), which are not covered by any law in Canada. However, once visiting this website, it redirects to the main casino, often found using a .com TLD.

One year later, in 2022, more changes came about. Ontario launched an online gambling licensing authority. The Ontario iGaming division regulates and allows online casinos to operate in the region. The basis for doing this is the 1970s law allowing provinces to determine their own regulations. 

In 2023, many people anticipate that other provinces will be looking to follow the example of Ontario and launch their own iGaming platforms. If this eventually occurs across the country, it will again mean that many provinces will have to amend laws and write new practices into place. However, it would also mean that gambling online would become even more accessible to players.

The GlamourBuff Team is a set of experienced writers associated with the Glamour Buff magazine, reporting world news, celebrity lifestyle, and exclusive Hollywood details.


Stephen Colbert is Obsessed with Apple Vision Pro



Stephen Colbert is Obsessed with Apple Vision Pro

Stephen Colbert, the host of The Late Show on CBS, has expressed his admiration and excitement for the Apple Vision Pro, the iPhone maker’s first venture into the virtual reality market. 

“If I do not get one, I will die,” Colbert said during the opening monologue on his show on February 6. 

The comedian, who is known for his witty and satirical commentary on current events, said he was lucky enough to try out the new virtual reality (VR) headset for about 45 minutes and was blown away by the experience.

After taking off the headset, Colbert said he was amazed by the quality and realism of the VR graphics and features. He praised Apple for creating such a revolutionary product. The host also joked that he was sure that the technology would have some drawbacks in the future, but he did not care.

He then showed his audience a video of a Wall Street Journal reporter trying out the product. In the video, the reporter wore the Apple Vision Pro while she was cooking and set two different virtual alarms over a pot of boiling pasta and a pan full of sautéing mushrooms. 

Colbert was not convinced by the reporter’s use of the headset for cooking, and he expressed his preference to use it for more adventurous purposes. He joked that he would rather cook in The Matrix — a reference to the sci-fi movie where humans are plugged into a virtual reality system that simulates their world.

A Look at the Apple Vision Pro

The Apple Vision Pro is a VR headset that also features augmented reality (AR) functionalities, such as overlaying digital information in the real world. 

The headset, which was released on February 2, is Apple’s first entry into the VR market and is expected to compete with Meta’s Quest headset, which is already popular among VR enthusiasts.

Designed to offer a high-quality and immersive VR experience, the Apple Vision Pro has a wide field of view, high resolution, low latency, and spatial audio. It also boasts a powerful processor, long battery life, and a sleek and comfortable design. It can be connected to an iPhone or a Mac, or run standalone apps.

The device supports a variety of VR content, such as games, movies, education, and social media. 

One of the most anticipated VR games that will launch on the Apple Vision Pro is Victoria VR, a crypto metaverse game that claims to be the first of its kind to launch on the Apple headset.

The Launch of Victoria VR on Apple Vision Pro

Victoria VR, the new blockchain-based MMORPG, is set to launch in the second quarter of 2024, offering a realistic and immersive virtual world powered by Web3 technology. The game will feature stunning graphics and engaging gameplay, as well as a user-driven and decentralized economy based on the Victoria VR token.

According to the game’s developers, Victoria VR will be the first of its kind: a blockchain-based MMORPG in VR with realistic graphics powered by Unreal Engine and owned by its users. They also claim that the game will form a complex digital environment that will showcase the capabilities of the Apple Vision Pro and the power of Web3.

Victoria VR is part of the metaverse, a shared online space that transcends physical boundaries and connects users through various platforms and devices. The metaverse concept has gained traction recently, with Meta (formerly Facebook) CEO Mark Zuckerberg announcing his vision to build a metaverse platform. 

One of the industries that could benefit from the metaverse is the online casino industry, as it has already demonstrated its ability to adapt and innovate with new technologies. Online casinos have already adopted VR and AR technologies, creating more realistic and engaging gaming environments for their users. The casino world moving into metaverse could open up new possibilities and opportunities for both players and operators.

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Unraveling Wendy Chavarriaga Gil’s Wikipedia and Her Relationship with Pablo Escobar

Wendy Chavarriaga Gil was one of the lovers of Pablo Escobar.



Wendy Chavarriaga Gil, known for her stunning beauty, became entangled in the world of Pablo Escobar, the feared leader of the Medellín Cartel.

Their relationship developed amidst Escobar’s criminal activities, characterized by violence, a quest for power, and a relentless drive for wealth.

Since being associated with Escobar, Gil has remarkably garnered attention from people around the world. They are curious about her full Wikipedia, including her bio and life before and after Escobar.

Who is Wendy Chavarriaga Gil?

Gil was a remarkable woman who captivated the notorious drug trafficker Escobar. She had brilliant green eyes and stood at a height of 1.85 meters, but her striking beauty was unaffected by Escobar’s wealth and influence.

She had a luxurious home in the surroundings of the Medellin Country Club, two blocks from the Escobar’s house.

Escobar’s man informed him that a woman (Gil) had arrived from the United States and wanted to see him for a business matter.

Wendy Chavarriaga Gil.

Wendy Chavarriaga Gil. (Source: Twitter)

When their paths crossed, Escobar was immediately infatuated, despite his insecurities about his height and the nickname “The Dwarf” bestowed upon him. 

Their first meeting lasted a mere 25 minutes, yet it was enough for Escobar to fall deeply in love. Her charm had a much impact on him, even causing his marriage with Victoria Eugenia Henao to falter. 

As their relationship blossomed, Gil began exerting a subtle influence over him, even redecorating his offices, which caught Henao’s attention. 

Escobar’s affection for Gil grew, and he often traveled with her to the United States, relishing their public outings in New York.

On one such trip, he gifted Henao a precious jewel, a gold compact adorned with sapphires, which he claimed to have personally selected, but later revealed it was Gil’s choice. 

However, as Escobar pursued his political ambitions, Gil started to cross the boundaries he set for his lovers. A moment of tension arose when Gil stood in front of him during an event, prompting a discreet warning from Henao’s sister that she was in Henao’s place. 

Gil withdrew gracefully, avoiding any scandals. The triangular dynamic between Escobar, his wife, and Gil seemed to function smoothly, but there was one unforgivable commandment in their relationship: no pregnancy. 

However, Gil got pregnant and found herself trying to distance herself from Escobar and planning to flee to the United States. However, Escobar’s watchful eyes discovered her intentions and her pregnancy, leaving her trapped in a dangerous predicament.

Wendy Chavarriaga Gil was pregnant with Pablo Escobar’s baby

Gil was one of the lovers of Escobar. Her relationship with Escobar took a dark turn when it was revealed that she was pregnant with his child. 

Escobar had strict rules for his lovers, forbidding them from getting pregnant. When news of Gil’s pregnancy reached Escobar, he took drastic measures to ensure the baby was not born. 

According to Escobar’s former hitman, Jhon Jairo Velásquez, alias Popeye, the drug lord paid for an abortion to be performed on Gil. 

Pablo Escobar and his wife Victoria Eugenia Henao.

Pablo Escobar and his wife Victoria Eugenia Henao. (Source: Twitter)

Popeye said, “She got pregnant by him because of the money, but the boss didn’t want to know anything about it and sent two guys and a doctor to get the boy out of her,” in an interview with Don Juan.

According to the book My life and my jail with Pablo Escobar, by Escobar’s wife, Henao, Gil was five months pregnant. Gil was forcefully put to sleep, and the abortion was carried out. When she woke up, she tried to jump from the windows of the place.

Wendy Chavarriaga Gil and Popeye had feelings for each other

Escobar, wounded by the “betrayal,” ended the relationship. Gil wanted revenge and went looking for his trusted hitman, Popeye, who seduced him, and over time he also developed strong feelings for her. 

Later, Escobar tapped her phone and discovered she was an informant for the Search Block, a group dedicated to capturing him. 

In a tragic turn of events, Escobar ordered Popeye to kill her. Although deeply in love with her, Popeye arranged for five hitmen to carry out the ruthless act. 

Popeye later confessed that Gil and the mother of his son were the only women he truly loved, highlighting the complicated and tragic nature of their relationship.

Wendy Chavarriaga Gil was killed by Popeye

Despite being a skilled assassin, Popeye couldn’t bring himself to kill Wendy because of his love for her.

As Wendy approached the bar, Popeye heard gunshots and her scream, signaling the tragic event.

Overwhelmed by conflicting emotions, Popeye described seeing Wendy lying in a pool of blood as if an evil spirit had emerged from within him.

Reflecting on the aftermath, Popeye expressed the profound impact of killing someone he loved, acknowledging the complexity of his emotions.

He attributed Wendy’s betrayal of his allegiance to Escobar as a pivotal moment in his life, shaping his understanding of love and loyalty.

Keep reading Glamour Buff for more stories like this!

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What Happened to Ruth Codd? Deleted TikTok Causes Concerns

“My channel isn’t just me saying, ‘hi, I have one leg,'” said Ruth Codd.



What Happened to Ruth Codd? Deleted TikTok Causes Concerns

If you are active on TikTok, you’ve possibly seen a hilarious young Irish woman dressed as a nun with white hair in space buns pop up on your feed.

Does this sound familiar? She is Ruth Codd, a make-up artist and barber who uses her account to vent about religion, fashion, and diversity.

Codd had gained an enormous fan following, over half a million followers almost overnight, but she insisted she wasn’t famous and hated being called an influencer. Instead, she used her significant online presence to share her story and witty humor.

With her enigmatic style and classic Irish humor, the 24-year-old Wexford native had amassed over 610,000 followers on the video-sharing app TikTok by using her platform to raise disability awareness.

But around November 2021, she deleted all her videos from her social media, and her fans are showing concerns. Read along to know in depth.

Where is Ruth Codd now?

The former TikTok star has now transformed into a full-time actress. She began her acting career with the Netflix show The Midnight Club.

She has since appeared in shows like The Dry, The Fall of the House of Usher, and Creepshow. Many people credit her immensely for being an inspiration despite everything she has gone through in her life.

Ruth Codd deleted all her videos from TikTok 

After Codd deleted all her TikTok videos, many of her fans and followers were concerned about the young TikToker. They took it to their personal social media to share their concern.

A fan tweeted, “Ruth Codd’s TikTok has been deleted and all of her socials. Why? And how am I supposed to get my daily laughs?”

Similarly, one of her followers took to TikTok and made a video about her concern about Codd’s deleted TikTos, tagging the influencer.

Codd later replied to the video, sharing she just wanted to step away and take some time for herself.

She commented, “Guys, I’m A-ok. Thank you for your concern. My health wasn’t great, so I just decided to step away from social media for now. Love you all.”

“I’m so sorry I didn’t mean to worry anyone. I genuinely didn’t think anyone would notice I was gone,” she added.

Ruth Codd is an amputee

Codd is an amputee, and she shared her journey and stories on her TikTok account, educating people and spreading awareness related to disabilities through her comic videos. 

In an interview with Hunger, she mentioned that TikTok unintentionally became an educational app for her.  

She further said, “People explore many bad experiences through humor. I suppose I’ve got quite a dark sense of humor, but it shows people that it’s normal to talk about.”

She said that her account was not just about her amputation but also her personality. She shared, “My amputation is a little part of me, but I still have other things going on. My channel isn’t just me saying, ‘hi, I have one leg’. It’s about other aspects of my life too.”

Ruth Codd appeared in a Netflix horror series

From a famous TikTok star to an actor, Codd has had quite a journey. The make-up artist starred in a Netflix horror series, The Midnight Club, released on October 7, 2022.

The Midnight Club is a teen-horror series on Netflix from The Haunting creator Mike Flanagan. Based on Christopher Pike’s best-selling novel, the Midnight Club will be Flanagan’s fifth Netflix Original series.

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